This blog was created to share my projects, ideas, and experiences in amateur radio with other operators around the world who also enjoy this wonderful hobby.

Sunday, January 6, 2013

Baofeng UV-5R Overview and Manual Programming


UV-5RE   photo 1 
 The Baofeng UV-5R ia a multi purpose dual band ( vhf / uhf ) hand held transceiver made in China. It covers from 136 - 174 mhz. on vhf and from  400 - 480 mhz on uhf. ( Initially, coverage in uhf was 400 - 480 mhz., currently they cover from 400 - 520 mhz) . The power output is four watts in high power and one watt in low power on both bands. The UV-5R is a very popular transceiver in many countries and in the United States, its low cost ($50.00) makes it a very good alternative for newcomers into the hobby or as a second or backup handheld among experienced amateur radio operators. An amateur radio license, Technician class or higher is required to legally transmit with this radio in the U.S. With or without a license , the UV-5R is not legal for GMRS. GMRS requires Part 95 certification. It is illegal  to use the UV-5R on GMRS , FRS and MURS channels in the U.S. The radio has an FCC Part 90 certification, so it is not compliant when used on Part 95 services. This topic has been widely discussed in the Baofeng UV-5R Yahoo group.The radio is available in different colors and case styles, models available include the UV-5R, UV-5R+, UV-5RA, UV-5RB, UV-5RC, UV-5RE and other variants. The main differences are the case style and the firmware versions, BFB-230 being the oldest and BFB-295/297 the newest. The firmware versions  can not be upgraded. One of the most common problems with the UV-5R is the difficulty when trying to program it by hand. I will discuss the basic steps required to verify that your radio arrived operational and how to pre configure the menus for a trouble free manual programming.


UV-5RE   photo 2
 The first step is to check that all the items are inside the box : radio, battery, antenna, belt clip, desk charging cradle, desk charger power supply, earphone / microphone, lanyard and manual. The photo shows all the items that came with my UV-5RE firmware version BFB-293. To check your UV-5R firmware version, press number [3] key while powering the radio on. The firmware version (BFB) will briefly show on the display. The firmware version can not be upgraded.


UV-5RE photo 3

Side view of the UV-5RE, the speaker microphone connector is below the rubber cover. This connector is also used for programming the radio with a computer and software.Computer programming of the Baofeng UV-5R will be discussed in a future blog entry. For more information on programming the UV-5R via computer, visit the UV-5R Yahoo group or go to miklor.com

UV-5RE photo 4
 Side view of the UV-5RE showing the "call" button , "ptt" switch (center) and  "moni"  button. A quick press of the call button changes the frequency mode to fm radio reception. A long press activates the alarm function. The push to talk switch (ptt) at the center is used for transmitting, the "moni" button below is used to turn on the built in flash light (led) on top of the radio (in this version it toggles between, flashing and always on) and opens the squelch when pressed longer. On older UV-5R's, the flashing led option is not available.

UV-5RE photo 5
 The following steps will let you discover if your radio is operational . When turned on  make sure you see all display icons illuminate or a welcome display. After this is completed , the display will show two frequencies, one on the top, VFO-A and another on the bottom, VFO-B. Make sure your battery indicator is full (three bars) if not, charge your battery before proceeding with programming and the remaining  tests. Press the orange button, VFO/MR, until the radio announces "frequency mode". Press the blue VFO button (A/B) and select the upper VFO. Make sure your antenna is connected . Enter the frequency of the NOAA weather broadcast in your area using the keypad buttons, in Puerto Rico it is on 162.400 mhz. You should hear the weather broadcast through the speaker, adjust the volume to your preference.You can enter any other frequency you prefer, this step is just to make sure your UV-5R is receiving. Make sure you can enter and receive frequencies on both vfo's. The photo shows the UV-5RE after entering 145.370 on VFO-A and 447.350 on VFO-B, both local vhf and uhf amateur repeaters respectively. If you are not sure of the NOAA weather frequency in your area , look for it on the internet or look for a list of amateur radio repeater frequencies in your area. The next steps will ensure your UV-5R is set up correctly for ham radio use and programming via the keypad. If you are looking for directions to setup your UV-5R on another radio service, familiarize with this procedures . Look for the frequencies you want to program first, remember that a license is required to transmit with this radio in the U.S. on both "ham" and commercial frequencies. No license is required to receive, but in order to prevent accidental transmission, there is no way to lock the push to talk switch on this radio, the only way of preventing the radio from transmitting  accidentally is to program the transmit frequency to zero using the computer programming software.


UV-5RE photo 6
 Press menu and scroll to item "SQL" using the up /down arrows or press , [MENU] and [0] . Make sure the value is other than "off" .Press [MENU] to save and then press [EXIT] . I prefer setting it at number two, if it is set to zero, the squelch is going to stay always open. The recommended value for this setting on the Miklor website is five.To change the value, press [MENU] again, the arrow will move pointing downward. Using the keypad arrows move the value to the desired level and press [MENU]. This will set your squelch setting. Remember that you can always keep the "moni" button pressed long enough to open the squelch. When menu is selected , there is a ten second time window, if you don't complete the changes  to the particular menu item, the radio will revert to  "frequency mode" or " channel mode" In that case you will have to press menu again to complete and save the changes.

UV-5RE photo 7
 For amateur radio use the UV-5R's step menu must be set to 5K or 10K. To access the step size , press menu and scroll to menu number [1] or press [MENU] and [1] press,  [MENU] again to move the arrow down and  pointing downward . Use the keypad arrows to set the correct step size, press [MENU] again to save, press [EXIT] to return to the normal display. The frequency steps available are : 2.5, 5, 6.25, 10, 12.5, 20, 25 and 50. On firmware versions BFB-290 and below  the steps are : 2.5K[0] 5.0K[1] 6.25K[2] 10.0K[3] 12.5K[4] 25.0K[5]  on firmware versions above BFB-291 the steps are : 2.5K[0] 5.0K[1] 6.25K[2] 10.0K[3] 12.5K[4] 20.0K[5] 25.0K[6] 50.0K[7] . The numbers in square brackets "[ ]" are shortcuts that can be used to directly select the value without having to scroll through the settings.  In order to check your UV-5R firmware version , press number 3  while powering up the radio. The firmware version will show up briefly on the display.

UV-5RE photo 8
 Menu [2] sets the power output of the UV-5R. The available levels are only high or low. In order to test if the transmitter is working, set menu 2 to high power, this is done by pressing [MENU] and scrolling to number [2] , or just press [MENU] and [2] , TXP will show on the display, press [MENU] to move the arrow pointing downward. Using the keypad up / down keys, select high, press [MENU] to save and then press [EXIT]. If you want to transmit and make some tests on "simplex" frequencies, just input the frequency desired and transmit, if an external power meter is available you can verify the output power of the UV-5R on both bands. For repeater operation  the offset, shift and any tones required  must be setup in the following steps first.

UV-5RE photo 9
Menu [10] , R-DCS, verify it is set to "off" for ham radio use. This menu is used to set a receive "digital coded squelch tone" or DCS.


UV-5RE photo 10
 Menu [5], wide or  narrow deviation must be set to wide, for ham radio use. After January 2013 all commercial transmitters must comply with the narrow standard in the U.S. If using the UV-5R in other services outside amateur radio frequencies, this setting must be changed to narrow.

UV-5RE photo 11
 Menu [11]  R-CTCS. Verify it is set to "off" for ham radio use.This menu is used to set a receive "continuous tone coded squelch system" or CTCSS in receive. If set to a value other than "off" (67.0 hz - 254.1 hz) the squelch on the radio will not open, unless the transmitting station is using the exact tone you have set for receive in this menu. The same applies with the R-DCS digital tone. Most amateur radio repeaters don't re transmit the DCS or CTCSS  tones, therefore both must be off in the UV-5R in order to receive all transmissions without problems.

UV-5RE photo 12
 If the repeater you are trying to access requires a DCS tone. Enter it in menu [12]  T-DCS. Available options are from D-023n - D754I. If  the repeater uses a DCS tone and you don't set it up correctly in this menu, you can not access the repeater. You probably will be able to receive it, but won't be able to transmit using the repeater. If the tone is not known, the ARRL repeater directory is a good resource to find amateur radio repeater frequencies in the U.S. along with all information  including , location, trustee, shift and if a tone is required


UV-5RE photo 13
 If the repeater you are trying to access requires a CTCSS tone, enter it in menu [13] T-CTCS. In the photo I have entered a T-CTCS of 100 hz. to access the 447.350 repeater I have set in VFO B. You need to change menu 13 every time you want to program a frequency that requires a different transmit DCS or transmit CTCSS tone. Although when in frequency mode you can have separate DCS and CTCSS tones on each vfo, when programming the radio from the keypad, all programming must be done on the upper VFO- A. You can not program a memory from VFO-B when in frequency mode. For testing purposes, I always set VFO-A to a vhf frequency, shift to off, plus or minus , offset to 00.600  and the respective DCS or CTCSS transmit tone for the repeater I want to test. Then I set VFO-B to a uhf frequency, shift to off, plus or minus , offset to 05.000 and the respective DCS or CTCSS transmit tone for the repeater I want to test. Contrary to other ham radio handhelds from Yaesu, Icom and Kenwood , the UV-5R does not set the repeater shift or the offset automatically. They need  to be changed in menu every time you move to a different frequency with a different shift direction, a different band or a different DCS or CTCSS tone. In the United States amateur radio repeaters in the two meter band (144 - 148 Mhz) utilize an offset of 600 khz.  Above 147.000 mhz  the shift is positive (600)  below 147.00 mhz and on the 145.000 mhz repeater band the offset is negative (600) For simplex frequencies set the shift SFT-D (menu 25) to off.

UV-5RE photo 14
 If for any reason your radio is announcing prompts in Chinese, check menu [14]. It can be set to off, Chinese or English. On firmware versions BFB-238 and below the options are : OFF or  ON , firmware versions BFB 251 and above the options are : OFF , ENGLISH or  CHINESE  . Remember, once you select the menu item number, press [MENU] again to make the changes using the keypad up or down arrows  and then press [EXIT]. There is no [F] key or enter like in other radios. The markings in blue next to the keypad keys are not secondary functions that are toggled with a function key, they are menu shortcuts. For example , if you want to set the squelch level to a different level, you can press [MENU] and then [0] , the UV-5R will go the menu item number 0, SQL . There are shortcuts to the most frequently used menu items.

UV-5RE photo 15
 This is one of the important menu items [25] , SFT-D shift direction. It must be set to off for simplex operation, to minus ( - ) for a repeater requiring a negative shift, or plus ( + ) for a repeater requiring a positive shift. In the United States amateur radio  repeaters utilize a 600 khz shift (.600) on the 2 meter band ( 144-148 mhz) and  5 mhz (5.000) shift on uhf (420 - 450 mhz.) On the uhf band all repeater shifts are negative, on 2 meters above 147.00 mhz they are positive (600) and below 147.000 mhz , negative (600)  Always consult the band plan to make sure you are operating on the amateur radio bands according to FCC rules and following the emission privileges for each particular band segment. In the above photo I have set the UV-5R for a minus repeater offset.

UV-5RE photo 16
 Now I have changed menu [25] SFT-D to off. Always use off to transmit in a simplex frequency (no shift). In the U.S. the national simplex calling frequency in 2 meters is 146.520  On uhf it is  446.000 mhz. For example to test the UV-5R on 146.520  simplex,  go to menu [25] and set  SFT-D off , then  enter 146.520 on the keypad (in frequency mode) the radio will receive on 146.520 and when the "ptt" switch is pressed , it will transmit in the same frequency, 146.520. To test a repeater frequency, lets take for example the KP4IA repeater ,145.370 mhz. A minus 600 khz shift is needed to work this repeater. The repeater transmits on 145.370 and receives 600 khz  below ( 144.770)  The UV-5R needs to do the opposite,  receive on 145.370 mhz and transmit on 144.770 mhz. That is the purpose of the minus 600 khz shift. If the shift direction [SFT-D] menu item is set to off, the radio in this case will transmit on the same frequency the repeater transmits (145.370) . The idea of a repeater is to extend the range of portable and mobile radio transceivers. The repeater is usually located in a very high location, providing good coverage, even line of sight in many cases to a large area, as long as your signal reaches the repeater it will get re-transmitted so other portables or mobile stations and even base stations far away can receive the signal. The range of the UV-5R in simplex frequencies is going to be determined by the height above terrain, the antenna, power level and obstructions between both radios.

UV-5RE photo 17
 The photo shows another important menu item , [26] (offset). Press [MENU] and then [26] , with the keypad , enter the corresponding repeater offset and press [MENU] to save then press [EXIT] .  Use 00.600 on vhf amateur radio repeater frequencies and 05.000 on uhf amateur radio repeater frequencies in the United States.

UV-5RE photo 18
For amateur radio use, menu [35] STE should  be set to off  for repeater use.  STE stands for "squelch tail elimination" It is intended to be used for simplex mode between multiple UV-5R's
UV-5RE photo 19
 For amateur radio use, menu [36] RP-STE must be set to off. RP-STE stands for" repeater squelch tail elimination" and practically no amateur radio repeater uses this feature.

UV-5RE photo 20
Now the tricky part, programming from the keypad. Notice the I have not programmed any frequencies into the UV-5RE yet. I have just pre configured the menu items and conducted receiving and transmitting tests on both vfo's , A and B, to verify that the radio was received from the dealer in working condition. Contrary to other amateur radio transceivers like Yaesu, Icom or Kenwood  for example, that set the shift and offset automatically according to the U.S. band plan, in the UV-5R these menu items  have to be changed manually.  The first step programs the receive frequency,  power level,  DCS or CTCSS tones along with other data. After the receive frequency is entered , you must enter the transmit frequency to the same memory channel. This is the critical part that many operators fail to understand , they end up programming a simplex channel even though the offset and shift directions are set correctly. In frequency mode you can have VFO-A set to a particular offset and shift , the same applies to VFO-B. Frequencies can be entered directly with the keypad on both vfo's , the radio will receive and transmit according to the offset and shift selected with menu [25] and [26]. When programming a channel it is very important to remember that it must be done from VFO-A and not from VFO-B. When a frequency is programmed using menu [27] , the radio makes that frequency your transmit and your receive frequency. In other words, programming  just one time with menu [27] creates a simplex channel. If the frequency being programmed is a repeater channel , it is necessary to enter the transmit frequency using menu [27] a second time. This second entry with menu [27] to the same memory channel overwrites the transmit frequency ( which was set by the radio same as the receive frequency) on that memory channel and creates the repeater receive frequency which is the UV-5R transmit frequency. Power level , DCS or CTCSS tones along with other data is programmed along with the receive and transmit frequency entries. (see menu 27 explained). Overwriting to a memory channel only updates the transmit frequency along with menu [12] T-DCS and [13] T-CTCSS. The receive frequency and the other menu items programmed along with it the first time are not updated. Use menu [28] DEL-CH if you need to make changes on the receive frequency and its associated menu data or made errors during programming.

                                 

                                IMPORTANT

                                                                          
ALWAYS PROGRAM THE UV-5R FROM THE UPPER DISPLAY VFO-A  AND IN FREQUENCY MODE . IT WILL NOT PROGRAM FROM VFO-B OR WHEN IN CHANNEL MODE. USE THE VFO/MR ORANGE BUTTON, TO CHANGE BETWEEN THEM . IF  CHANGED TO CHANNEL MODE TO VERIFY THE CHANNEL WAS PROGRAMMED CORRECTLY. REMEMBER TO PRESS THE VFO/MR BUTTON AGAIN TO RETURN TO FREQUENCY MODE AND CONTINUE  WITH PROGRAMMING . MENU [25] SFT-D AND [26] OFFSET ARE ONLY USED WHEN OPERATING WITH THE UV-5R IN FREQUENCY MODE AND FROM VFO-A OR VFO-B . THEY ARE NOT USED WHEN PROGRAMMING A MEMORY CHANNEL UNLESS THE OPERATOR WANTS TO USE THE [SCAN] KEY SHORTCUT TO SET THE TRANSMIT FREQUENCY. THE SCAN KEY SHORTCUT MAY NOT WORK IN RADIOS WITH OLD FIRMWARE VERSIONS.

                                                   

                        PROGRAMMING TIPS

 In order to successfully program the UV-5R it is very important to get organized. Prepare the list of frequencies to be programmed along with the memory channel numbers (000 - 127) , power level , receive DCS or CTCSS tones, transmit DCS or CTCSS tones, deviation (wide or narrow) , scan preference, busy channel lockout, frequency to VFO assignments, etc. Remember simplex channels are one frequency only and can be programmed quickly in just six steps. For repeater channels, have both , the receive and transmit frequencies, organized to reduce errors while programming. Follow the instructions below for simplex and repeater memory channel programming. Make sure that you understand how the Baofeng UV-5R menu structure works especially menu [27]. Program a few memory channels first using the instructions provided below and get familiarized with the procedures before considering extensive memory channel programming.


                        MENU 27 EXPLAINED


 Programming simplex frequencies to a memory channel only requires one step , save the receive frequency  to a memory channel using menu [27] , the radio will make that frequency, your transmit frequency.  For repeater frequencies , set menu item [25] to either a plus or minus shift depending on the repeater and always use 00.600 on menu item [26] on vhf and 05.000 on uhf  only if you prefer to program using the reverse key shortcut. Programming repeater frequencies to a memory channel requires two steps. Step one : Program the receive frequency with menu [27] to a memory channel  and  exit  from menu. Step two:  Change the frequency to the transmit frequency, either entering it with the keypad ,or using the reverse key function (scan button) . Program again using menu [27] to the same memory channel . Menu [27] has two modes : Mode 1- writing to empty channels and Mode 2- writing to non--empty channels. In Mode 1, writing to an empty channel stores the VFO A frequency into the receive and transmit registers of the target channel. At the same time, the following menus are stored  : [2] , [5] , [10] , [11] , [12] , [13], [17], [19] , [23] and [33].  In Mode 2 , writing to a non-empty channel stores VFO-A into the transmit register of the target channel. At the same time , the following menus are stored : [12] and [13].

              SIMPLEX PROGRAMMING EXAMPLE

           TO PROGRAM 146.520 SIMPLEX TO MEMORY CHANNEL 001 :

STEP 1 :       ENTER 146520 (while in frequency mode to VFO/A)

STEP 2 :       PRESS [MENU] [27]  ("mem channel" appears on display)

STEP 3 :       PRESS [MENU]  (radio announces " memory channel")

STEP 4 :       ENTER [001] (use the keypad or scroll to it with arrow keys)

STEP 5 :       PRESS [MENU]  (radio announces "receiving memory")

STEP 6 :       PRESS [EXIT]   

Memory number 001 is now programmed to 146.520 simplex (no split)



              REPEATER PROGRAMMING EXAMPLE

TO PROGRAM REPEATER 145.370 / 144.770 TO MEMORY CHANNEL 002 :

STEP 1 :      ENTER 145370 (while in frequency mode to VFO-A)

STEP 2 :      PRESS [MENU] [27]  ("mem channel" appears on display)

STEP 3 :      PRESS [MENU] ( radio announces " memory channel")

STEP 4 :      ENTER [002] (use the keypad or scroll to it with arrow keys)

STEP 5 :      PRESS [MENU] (radio announces "receiving memory")

STEP 6 :      PRESS [EXIT]

STEP 7 :      ENTER 144770

STEP 8 :      PRESS [MENU] [27] (memory channel 002 still on display)

STEP 9 :      PRESS [MENU] (radio announces " transmitting memory")

STEP 10 :    PRESS [EXIT]  

             REPEATER PROGRAMMING EXAMPLE

TO PROGRAM REPEATER 147.210 / 147.810 WITH A  T-CTCS OF 127.3 TO MEMORY CHANNEL  003 :

STEP 1 :       PRESS [MENU] [13] ( T-CTCS appears on the display)

STEP 2 :       PRESS [MENU] ( radio announces "TCTCS")

STEP 3 :       ENTER 1273 ( use the keypad or scroll to it with arrow keys)

STEP 4 :       PRESS [MENU] ( radio announces "confirmed")

STEP 5 :       PRESS [EXIT]

STEP 6 :       ENTER 147210 (while in frequency mode and in VFO-A)

STEP 7 :       PRESS [MENU] [27] ( "mem channel" appears on the display)

STEP 8 :       PRESS [MENU] ( radio announces " memory channel")

STEP 9 :       ENTER [003] ( use keypad or scroll to it with arrow keys)  

STEP 10 :     PRESS [MENU] ( radio announces " receiving memory")

STEP 11 :     PRESS [EXIT]

STEP 12 :     ENTER 147810

STEP 13 :     PRESS [MENU] [27] ( memory channel 003 still on display)

STEP 14 :     PRESS [MENU] ( radio announces " transmitting memory")

STEP 15 :     PRESS [EXIT]

Memory number 003 is now programmed to 147.210 / 147.810 with a transmit tone ( T-CTCS) of 127.3
If the tone required is a DCS tone. In STEP 1 : PRESS [MENU] [12] and complete the remaining steps to set the T-DCS needed. If receive tones are needed use menu [10] to set  R-DCS or menu [11]  for R-CTCS. Do not use R-DCS or R-CTCS for ham radio repeater operation unless necessary.
When you transmit on this memory channel "CT" will appear to the left of the display indicating a tone is being used and the frequency will change to 147.810 * ( the repeater input frequency) . The plus and minus signs will appear on top of the display indicating that it is a repeater memory channel. Any other menu items ( 2, 5 , 10, 11, 12, 17, 19, 23 or 33 ) must be configured before programming with [MENU] [27] the first time.

* Assuming the display mode ( MENU [21] or MENU [22] ) for the selected display is set to " FREQ "


 If everything is correct  you now have 146.520 simplex, on memory channel 001 , 145.370 / 144.770 on memory channel 002 and 147.210 / 147.810 with a transmit T-CTCS of 127.3 in memory channel 003. If there are errors on the programming or if it did not program correctly, the UV-5R will  let you overwrite a memory channel with the transmit frequency along with  menu items [12] and [13] only. It won't let you overwrite the receive frequency and all the other menu items associated to it.( see menu 27 explained).  If  changes to a  simplex channel or both frequencies of a repeater channel are needed , delete the memory channel programmed  using  menu [28]. This is the only way it will let you program to the same memory channel again. You can update the transmit frequency along with your transmit DCS or CTCSS tones to a programmed channel as often as needed.



 If all  information to be programmed  is organized , constant changes to the menus associated with the receive and transmit channels are minimized. Group your channels by simplex, repeaters with a positive shift, repeaters with a negative shift, repeaters with tones, repeaters without tones, vhf and uhf repeaters. Always prepare a list of the frequencies to be entered along with the necessary information, shift, offset, tones, deviation , power level, etc, to make the manual programming easier. The power level can be set for each frequency to be memorized utilizing menu [2] TXP (tx power, options available are high , 4 watts or low, 1 watt). You can program all your memories in low power if you prefer and use the [ #] key to toggle between high and low power. This works for all firmware versions, but TDR must be set to "off " on firmware versions BFB-251 and lower. The UV-5R  has forty menu  items, I have only covered the critical ones to ensure  successful manual programming .


 The remaining menu items used to customize even more the UV-5R will be discussed in a future blog entry. Programming with computer and software is easier, but has its problems. Due to the wide variety of  Baofeng UV-5R  firmware versions,  be sure you are using the correct one for your radio, either CHIRP, Baofeng OEM or Baofeng VIP or you will end up with a non working  radio. The serial usb cable used for programming needs to have the correct drivers installed, and depending on the operating system you are using (Windows XP, Vista, Windows 7 ,Windows 8, etc) the process can get frustrating. Even more frustrating than the manual programming process. More information on the Baofeng UV-5R radio can be found on the Yahoo group or at miklor.com. A short video showing some programming examples with the UV-5RE will be added to this article later. It is very hard to capture the programming sequences in photos. I hope  this information  helps other radio amateurs understand and sucessfuly program the Baofeng UV-5R. Any questions or comments can be posted directly to the blog or sent via e-mail to wp4aoh@gmail.com

128 comments:

  1. Done very nicely. Thank you

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  2. Excellent detail and great graphics.
    Well Done...

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    1. Thank You very much, this was a life saver!
      KJ6 OHI
      Carl

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  3. Nice manual, great job! Thank you!

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  4. Where did you buy from ? THANKS !

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  5. On EBay, Radio Shop 888, Mega 409 Shop or www.409shop.com
    In the U.S., Etekcity and Charger Angel

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  6. THANKS Carlos !! Great site !!

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  7. Just ordered a UV-5RA+ !

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  8. at last i can now put my own frequencies in and use it as a scanner and transmitter

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  9. This is great - I am studying for my Technician's ticket and just picked up a uv-5ra. This article is exactly what I needed. There is a ton of info in the yahoo group, but nothing quite like this -- Thanks for the detailed post

    73!

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  10. I may be reading this wrong (section explaining Menu 25 right below photo 15 you write "...and 5 mhz (5.000) shift on uhf (420 - 450 mhz.) On the uhf band all repeater shifts are negative,..." I am thinking it might should read all UHF repeater shifts should be positive. I could be wrong...great article though, 73s

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    1. Here in Arizona on the 440 to 450 band, the shift may go either way. 444.000 +5MHz or 449.000 -5MHz. Some areas may have adopted all repeater outputs low and +5, while apparently in Puerto Rico, the author's home, they are apparently all high outputs and -5.

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    2. I pulled the same booboo -- the response already given was sufficient!

      May I add, some good info here to give me a better understanding of my UV-5R Plus. Thank you!

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  11. The repeater slits on uhf vary depending on the band plan adopted by the state. In Puerto Rico, all uhf repeater splits are negative. In Utah, for example, all uhf repeater splits are negative also. New York City and East New York are positive, but there are a few negatives also. As a general rule if the repeater transmit frequency is on the high part of the band the split is negative and if it is on the lower end the split is positive. Check the band plan of each state to find out the appropriate split

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  12. Sorry, should have thought before I typed ... hihi. I am in Middle TN and most, if not all of the UHF repeaters here are plus offset. Thanks for setting me straight...hihi... 73s

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  13. Interesting issue. I have a UV-5RA and after some tinkering (and a full reset now) when I try to listen to any NOAA frequency I must hold down the monitor key in order to listen. It does not automatically "play" the channel. I've adjusted squelch among other settings countless times. Any ideas? Thanks.

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    Replies
    1. I would try another noa frequency probably your to far away from the frequecy your using.

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  14. With the radio in frequency mode, enter the NOAA weather frequency in VFO A (upper display) and check that menu 10 (R-DCS) and menu 11 (R-CTCS) are set to off. If you can listen NOAA now without pressing the monitor button, verify that your memory channel was not programmed with a receive tone, either DCS or CTCSS. The UV-5R display will show "CT" to the left of the frequency if that is the case. You have to delete the memory channels containing the NOAA frerquencies
    with menu 28 (DEL-CH) and reprogram without the R-DCS or R-CTCS enabled. If programming via software, make sure they are set to off for receive. I hope this helps. WP4AOH

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  15. This is one of the best, well written tutorials I've read in a long time. It was very easy to read and understand. I didn't even open up the user manual.

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  16. Thank You!

    I received my Baofeng 2 hours before I read this.

    Your blog saved the live of this tricky thing. The "Differend Thinking" of these south east asian Ingeneurs is not so easy to understand.

    Thank you for your good job.

    My english is not so good, but I understood your explanation. Only I cant't speek (write) not so good.

    Greetings from germany.

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    Replies
    1. Don't feel to bad about english, since those of us who grow up with it don't do so great with it either.

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  17. Thank you very much for your effort. This was the best info I found regarding my Baofeng UV-5RA Firmware 297. I was completely lost on how to program this radio on manual or via SW control. I first figured out using your steps to do it manual and then once I got the right driver I was able to program via Chirp. Thanks again for your effort.

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  18. Super job thanks for doing this I thought I was going mad from g7lnk UK.

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  19. I am a new Techinician's class licensee. This UV-5R+ is my first radio ever. Your efforts on this blog really helped to clear the fog around all the info out there! Other sites make more sense now, after having read through your instruction and examples. Thank you! KF5SHW

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  20. Its a cheap little bugger, that much is sure. It would be nice if it were possible to list what particular driver matches the OS version and also a listing of what drivers work with different firmware versions. Now that would simplify life.

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  21. Thank you! Very well done, as the others stated. Much more NEEDED absent from all the other sources.

    I'm taking my Tech exam in a week so, this will definately help.

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  22. Sem comentários!!! Impecável. Obrigado.

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  23. unfortunately for some reason, after following instructions, my radio has never said "recieving frequency" it always say "transmitting frequency"..I give up

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  24. If you are not hearing "receiving memory" only "transmitting memory" after entering a frequency with menu 27, that means your memory channel is already programmed. You have to delete the channel using menu 28 and reprogram the receiving frequency first with menu 27 and then the transmitting frequency. It is the only way the UV-5R will let you program to the same memory channel. The transmitting frequency is the only thing that can be overwritten to a memory channel along with menus 12 and 13. Please read again ' Menu 27 Explained " on this blog article. Thank you for your comment.

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  25. Very helpful, pointed out things I didn't realize.

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  26. O.K., this is driving me crazy. I have a version BFB 297 that will not transmit. It will receive nicely but will not transmit on any frequency. If I press the transmit button it just gives me a short beep and does not transmit, regardless of band or frequency, offset or none, tone or none or any other parameter. I have tried to use the VIP software but that will not allow me to change comm ports or read or send. I have tried chirp software to no avail. Any ideas?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I had the same problem, and another ham fixed it for me using the oldest version of the VIP software. Make sure your STE (Squelch Tail) setting is programmed to OFF. I think it was the version of the software that was the key, because I had the newest version of the radio. Good luck.

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    2. Follow the tx lock out procedure described at www.miklor.com

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  27. Many thanks for the information.
    I've just received the UV-5R+ and felt lost. I don't need it for transmitting, I've ordered 2 of them as they were the cheaper ones having 2.5 kHz steps.
    I am still looking for details or information about scanning details (for example, I wish to scan the 433-434 MHz). I still cannot find any information about scanning (frequency and / or channel).
    Thank you very much again for the assistance

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    Replies
    1. The only way to limit the range of the vhf and uhf vfo's is to use software. It can't be done manually. In frequency mode, pressing the scan key will start scanning at the displayed frequency and it will keep scanning from 136 - 174 on vhf and from 400 - 480 or 520 in uhf depending on the radio's version. In channel mode, pressing the scan key will start scanning on the displayed memory channel, and will scan all 128 channels if programmed. The UV-5R is a terrible radio for scanning, the scan speed is very slow. For high speed scanning, get a dedicated Uniden or GRE scanner.

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  28. Amigo, excellent blog! I just bought this radio and I think this is the best "instruction" manual yet!

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  29. I have the UV-5RA, and the programming above does not work. It probably works with the non-A version. Not only that, I have tried to get the right driver for my unit and twice the vendor sent the wrong disc. Hope when you order yours that everthing works. Programming this is really tough.
    N2CLS

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    Replies
    1. Don't use the disc included with the programming cable. Go to www.miklor.com and follow the instructions for computer programming based on the operating system you have. For most operating systems , since the Chinese cables use a counterfeit Prolific chip, you have to make sure Windows did not installed or updated the driver. That is the problem many are experiencing especially with Windows 7. Try using the 3.2.0 driver, it can be downloaded from the Miklor website.To verify that you have the correct driver, go to Device Manager and see if there is a yellow triangle with an exclamation mark. if that is the case , you have an incorrect driver. Uninstall an install the 3.2.0 driver and check that the USB serial cable is fully seated into the speaker /microphone jacks on the UV-5R. Sometimes it is necessary to trim the plastic cover on the bottom of the cable connector in order to have it make the proper contact. The radio's speaker /microphone jack is not always flush with the case. All UV-5R's program the same way, the suffix next to the UV-5R ( A,B,C,D,+, etc) only indicates a case/ style variation. Internally all the radios are the same, except for the firmware versions.

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  30. Thanks, I had no success in manual programming channels until I figured that Menu 21 was to be set to FREQ.....thanks.

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    Replies
    1. Correct. Menu 21 must be set to frequency, all programming must be done from the upper display ( vfo A ) and it will only let you program to an empty memory channel. Many UV-5R's are shipped from the factory with test frequencies programmed to memories. I have seen radios with up to 15 - 20 frequencies programmed. With the radio in channel mode, verify that all the channels are empty. If they don't, use menu 28 to delete the channels.Remember that programming to an already programmed channel will only overwrite the transmitting memory not the receiving memory.Even if it is a simplex channel, the UV-5R will always write the same frequency on both the rx and tx registers.The second entry with menu 27, in the case of a repeater channel ,actually overwrites the tx register with the repeater input frequency.

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  31. Hier kan ik wat mee, mijn dank is groot.
    PD1RLL

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  32. Why set the offset at 600 when the radio requires you to set both the tx and rx frequencies? It appears Offset is only active when in VFO mode. Memory mode requires input saving of both tx and rx frequencies and offset doesn't do anything....
    NORM

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  33. In my UV-5R's I always set the upper vfo to a 600 khz offset and the lower to a 5.000 mhz offset. By setting the vfo's this way, I can test any vhf repeater on vfo A and uhf repeaters on vfo B prior to programming them to the memory channels. I have found that, at least for Puerto Rico, if I download from one of the online databases using Chirp ( Radio Reference.com) for example, I end up with a lot of non active repeaters. You are correct, the UV-5R and most of the Chinese radios, don't use offset or shift when programming to a memory channel. Repeater programming on these radios is a two step process.First enter the receive frequency and the enter the transmit frequency to the same memory channel. However, having the offset set on both vfo's is convenient because you can use both as scratch pad memories and also for the reverse (scan key ) shortcut for repeater programming to work. Thanks for your comment and for taking time to read the blog.

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  34. Very good info here. I have the UV-5RA. Did 2 full resets. Got Chinese. Found out menu 14 can be programmed for Chinese or English. After studying WP4AOH I went to miklor.com. studied there, and copied "Reference for UV-5R Menus" by KC9HI, Jim Unroe plus "Baofeng UV5R Programming Memories. I used the "Reference for UV-5R Menus" and set most all menus to his reccomendations, set some menus prior to programming. You must set menu 7 TDR to off in order to program on the UV-5RA. I also reformated my Repeater Program for eaiser use. I do manual programming--no software yet! I highly reccomend that all having problems go to miklor.com.

    73's

    KD4TJ
    PS: I got my license same year as WP4AOH.

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  35. I just remembered something. I may have got the "Reference for UV-5R Menus" from the Yahoo uv5r Users Group. This menu is 4 pages long and explains the many steps and options for each menu. It is a "must have."

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  36. HK1W :Many thank for information about programmed Baofeng UVR5A many steps and tips are very easy to read.

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  37. Thank you very much for the information. The user manual can now be recycled!

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  38. Thank you. Just passed the tech exam. Had no idea how to use the radio. This web page is perfect

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  39. I have just got my baofeng uv-5r+plus in today and I don't live in range of a repeater. the nearest one is about 25 miles away. what would be the best ant for me to get.

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  40. The best antennas as an upgrade to the stock one are the Nagoya NA-701 or the NA-771. The NA-771 is 14.5 inches long, the 701 is shorter. Remember to order them with the SMA female connector.

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  41. This was a great help. I prefer to know how to do it the manual way. Your not always near a computer. Thanks.

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  42. Just what I needed easy to follow instructions.Thank you.

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  43. Good work here. Do you know if the TX freq can be set to auto fill once the RX freq has been added?

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    Replies
    1. The only way to do it is by using the Chirp software and checking the ' auto repeater " box before entering the frequencies. It can not be done manually.

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  44. With manual programming the UV-5R always sets the transmit frequency same as the receive frequency. For example, entering 146.850 one time with menu 27 will create a simplex channel with 146.850 on both the rx and tx registers. The second entry with menu 27 to the same memory channel with the transmit frequency, overwrites the previously entered frequency with the offset frequency. Remember, menu 25 and 26 are not used when programming the memory channels, the are only utilized in frequency mode. Programming the radio with a computer using Chirp only requires entering the receive frequency. When the offset is entered for that memory channel, it will automatically set the transmit frequency unless you need an irregular offset. In that case, select "split" on the mode window and enter the transmit frequency on the offset window. The Baofeng OEM software requires entering both the transmit and receive frequencies, same as with manual programming.

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  45. Carlos, you have done an outstanding job preparing the manual programming instructions for the BaoFeng HTs. I received mine from Amazon Friday morning (August 23, 2013) and was quite impressed with the overall appearance but disappointed in the programming instructions. Thank you very much!

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  46. Carlos,Thank you for great page + contributors. I just got my new UV-5RE Plus today. Charged up battery & having difficulty turning on. Have a display but no functions work. Per display keypad is locked,tried function keys per "instructions" almost inaudible hiss in speaker unaffected by volume control, no LED can't even get flashlight LED,back lights,or FM radio to activate. radio looks Ok, no damage,btty V OK@ 7.4V. Probably operator problem. Ideas, step by step, anyone?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Try a Menu 40 reset to see if the problem is cleared.

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  47. Great information to program, however my UV-5RA has a problem saving the Offset Freq. and the polarity of it. When in frequency mode, I can set the offset for 2M (+/- 600Khz), but when saved into an open channel, the offset returns to 0 and sometimes the polarity is reversed. Another HAM worked with me and received the same problem. Am I missing a step?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. The UV-5R does not save offset and shift ( + / - ) to memory. The offset and shift are only used in frequency mode. To program a repeater channel, first check the channel number you are about to program is empty. Most UV-5R's are shipped with test frequencies already programed into memories.If the channel number you want is already programmed,delete that channel using Menu 28. In frequency mode and from the upper display,enter the receive frequency using Menu 27,then enter the transmit frequency using Menu 27 to the same memory channel.When the repeater channel is programmed correctly, +- appears on top of the frequency when in channel mode. Follow the repeater programming example on the blog to familiarize with the procedure.

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  48. This comment has been removed by the author.

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  49. Can you use this uv-5r as a 2 way to communicate over a 10 or 15 mile distance? thx Dale

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  50. The actual range will vary depending height above terrain and obstructions between both radios. ( hills,buildings,etc) A 10 to 15 mile range is possible but there must be line of sight between both radios. In the city ,with tall buildings, and other obstructions, the range is not going to be more than 1 or 1-1/2 miles. The only way to extend the range of a portable or mobile transceiver is by the use of repeaters. Using a higher gain antenna usually helps, but don't expect miracles. Repeaters are usually installed in high structures,buildings or mountains,even if the portable transceiver is not in a high location,it is possible to communicate via the repeater to other stations inside the coverage area.As an example, I can work the 147.210 KP4CAR repeater located 50+ miles away from me with the UV-5R stock antenna using low power.The KP4CAR repeater is located at Cerro Punta , 4,400 ft above sea level, Puerto Rico's highest peak, it covers almost all the island, the eastern part of the Dominican Republic, St Thomas, St Croix ,U.S. Virgin Islands

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  51. Hi, Had mine 2 days. Was working ok but the squelch is now permanently closed.Can only receive by pressing moni switch. Squelch setting is 0. All tones are off. Was going to try a clean software install but can't get chirp to install/run correctly.Any ideas? Is this a known issue?73

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Try a menu 40 reset to see if the problem clears. Usually when the monitor button needs to be pressed to receive, there is a DCS or CTCSS tone set on menus 10 or 11. Having the squelch set to zero (menu 0) and the speaker muted is not normal.

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  52. Further to above have now been able to do a fresh software install having found the firmware version installed. Obviously a problem with the programming cable I would think. Anyway the radio is now working again. Will follow your guide to program the memories.73

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    Replies
    1. The latest version of Chirp works with all firmware versions including the F-11, USA-349 firmware.Always program from the top display if doing it from the keypad and set menu 7 (TDR) off or remove the antenna. Glad to know it is now back to normal.

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  53. Very useful info especially that regarding having to use function 27 twice for repeater programming.

    Thanks
    Rupert G7SPE
    http://www.amax-computers.co.uk

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  54. I am verry thankful. Perhaps you will consider writing a uv-5ra and relevant radio book for dummies.

    Gabe

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  55. Dobrý den, velice hezky udělané ale kde sehnat Program softwere na UV-5R tip BFB297. Czech Republik.
    Děkuji

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  56. Thanks for writing this up. My wife just got her license and bought this radio, and since she is more interested in talking on it than programming it, programming it has become my job.

    N1JH

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  57. This is the missing manual. Thanks!

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  58. How can I program into memory the settings for hamsat SO-50? I want to transmit on 145.850 with a tone and receive on 436.805, then 436.800, them 436.795, then 436.790 as the satellite moves across the sky. Thank you. George WA5KBH

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Program four consecutive memory channels. For example :
      Channel 23 : 436.805 rx 145.850 tx
      Channel 24 : 436.800 rx 145.850 tx
      Channel 25 : 436.795 rx 145.850 tx
      Channel 26 : 436.790 rx 145.850 tx
      For 436.805 and 436.795 entries, the step must be changed with menu #1 to " 5 " Change the step back to " 10 " for 436.800 and 436.790 If you need a tone transmitted with the tx frequency, set it up first with menu 12 or 13 before programming the tx frequency with menu 27 ( second time ) Leave the rx frequency without any tone. Enjoy the " birds "

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  59. just got one today to try it out. new to the hobby and Icom IC-92AD with GPS mic is on its way. looking forward to learning all the HAM!

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    Replies
    1. Thanks for your comment and for taking time to read the blog. Welcome to the hobby. Enjoy your new Baofeng and Icom IC-92AD.

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    2. still learning the basics here. too bad some of the older hams are making this hobby look so unapprochable for younger generation. it had my intention since i was a kid and i am in my 30's now. but now with d-star technology it became even more interesting, at least to me, hence the decision to investigate and get my feet wet with it finally. :)

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  60. My repeater uses a squelch tail elimination system made by Motorola known as Reverse-Burtst. Several of my radios use this as well, and many GE and Motorola repeaters respond to it.

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  61. Carlos

    Thank you for a most excellent tutorial on the UV-5R. I also have been at a loss to understand the idiosyncrasies of this radio. Your step by step procedures made all the difference.

    73..Merry Christmas.. Tad WA1FQO

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  62. I have one that just beeps when I hit the PTT???? ANY THOUGHT'S

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    Replies
    1. Follow the tx lockout procedure described on www.miklor.com.

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  63. Most excellent instructions THANKS VE1FHB

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  64. Thanks for making my setup easy and helping with a problem I had monitoring our local security.

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  65. Finally someone says how to receive the FM radio stations!!!!!!

    Thanks a ton

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  66. Thanks for this write up. I know This radio does not scan well but i can't get the squelch to work well. It picks up a pager frequency on uhf 451.oo56 that's in my area as well as the weather channel frequency 162 250on the simplex vhf 146.5200. It keeps opening the squelch on 1 to 9 .please advise bad radio or just a bad front end design on the radio.
    Thanks brad kc9qyp

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  67. It seems to me you are very close to the paging and NOAA transmitters. The UV-5 R and most Chinese hand held radios utilizing the RDA-1846 chip are of a direct conversion to digital concept. There are no intermediate frequencies like in the Japanese dual and triple conversion designs. The only selectivity is provided by the Chebychev band pass filters. The rf energy goes from the antenna to either the vhf ( 136 - 174 ) or the uhf ( 400 - 480 ) band pass filter and then directly to the RDA-1846 input pin. The farther the signal from the band pass filter limits ( 136, 174,400 and 480 ) the higher the attenuation provided by the filter. If the signal is inside the filter limits there is not much to do. The squelch on the UV-5R can help but only if the signals are of low to moderate intensity. That's why many operators who transmit on a UV-5R and try to listen on another UV-5R in the same room think the radios are not working. If the signal is very strong or in the immediate vicinity of the UV-5R it will overload the RDA chip and the results are, reduced sensitivity ( desensing ) interference or noise. Harmonic energy from other rf devices can also interfere if they fell inside the band pass filter limits. Wi-Fi devices, routers ,access points, cordless phones,etc, can also cause problems. Maybe using one of the short dual band antennas like the Diamond SRH-805 clone ( the Chinese version or copy of the Diamomd SRH-805 ) will help attenuate the signal and minimize the problems.This works well if the intended use is just scanning or receiving frequencies, forget about good performance transmitting with the short antennas. Using the longer antennas or external high gain antennas on the Chinese radios can make things worse. The transmitting signal is going to be improved but the receiver will get stronger signals also and interference problems can also increase. Try experimenting with different antennas. Good luck and thanks for reading the blog.

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  68. thank you for your time in explaining this .its what i was afraid of..oh well you get what you pay for. i have a yaseu ft 60 and unit works great and i a have a ic v8 sport which is ok. i ordered the Diamond SRH-805 ANTENNA and will give it a try and report back to you . if not may have to build a low pass filter for this radio...thanks again

    brad kc9qyp

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  69. Well i tried the smaller antenna diamond srh 805 .here are my results.
    yes a little less noise getting into the radio but it still occasionally picks up that darn pager frequency and opens up the squelch. so what i did was to wrap a piece of 22 gauge wire around the whole antenna and that seem to help. i notice when the squelch would open for the little noise that if i put my two fingers around the antenna it totally disappear. with the wire my signal output will be down but at least it not as bad as before in picking up the pager. has there been any mods to the squelch on this radio or can we build a low pass filter for the antenna? sma mount?
    thanks brad kc9qyp

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Wrapping a piece of 22 gauge wire around the antenna acts like a shield. The signal is attenuated but there is a risk of damaging the final amplifier on the UV-5R ( high SWR ). Another option to attenuate the received signal is to use a horizontally polarized antenna like a wire or aluminum tubing dipole. When the polarity is changed from vertical to horizontal, an attenuation of 20 db is obtained. There are no mods to the UV-5R squelch that I am aware. remember, most functions of the radio reside inside the RDA-1846 chip, there is not much that can be done with the direct to digital conversion concept of the radio. Another option is to use a step attenuator between the radio and the antenna. That is the only downfall of the RDA chip Chinese radios. If the interfering signal is inside the VHF or UHF band pass and very strong ,there is not much that can be done to prevent it from interfering.

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  70. This is so helpful even for a ham of many years having both UHF&VHF repeaters and many different HT's The supplied information is very misleading and the damn program software & cable only crashed my laptop. Thanks so Much Harold W2HR & Doris WA6SVI

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  71. UV5RE Plus doesn't seem to work with the Reverse "*" key. I've done it several times because I watched someone's video also. Doesn't work. Manually entering the TX freq does work. What a pain. The programming cable I bought so far is a bust ... because software doesn't seem to recognize the RADIOS on my Win 7 computer. I did get an updated Prolific driver fixe that. But still not reading my radios.
    73 de KA4UDX.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Make sure menu 26 ( OFFSET ) is set to 00.600 for two meter repeaters or 05.000 for 70 centimeters and that menu 25 ( SFT-D ) shift direction is either plus or minus. If this is not set this way, the reverse key shortcut is not going to work.

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    2. On Windows 7 if you are using a Chinese USB serial cable, the driver used must be 3.2.0.0 The driver that came with the computer is probably newer and will not work with the Chinese USB serial cable because they use a counterfeit Prolific chip. If Windows 7 is set to receive automatic updates, you have to constantly check the driver, sometimes Windows update automatically updates the driver and that will prevent your cable from working.

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  72. Hello can we know about what is your favorite baofeng radio?

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    Replies
    1. The UV-5R original case style is my favorite. The availability and diversity of original and aftermarket options is incredible.
      Extended battery ( 3800 mAh ) or ( 3600 mAh ) Battery case for six AA batteries, battery case for six AAA bateries, battery eliminator for the car and a very large selection of antennas and other accesories from other manufacturers.

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  73. Is there a way to skip a channel or lockout? Some freq. I want in radio. Just don't wanna scan.

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  74. A truly horrid piece of shit. All chinks involved in the design of this radio should die slowly of stomanch cancer.

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  75. Plugged in my UV5R to outside antenna wow what a great 50$ I threw away! Can`t hear a thing. Overloaded then again no frontend filters for selectvity.What a bargain add other worthless Ht antennas and you may just as well save your money and buy a great radio from the big 3..!! S.D.R at its finest hour NOT for these HT`s anyway!

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  76. The UV-5R and most Chinese radios using the RDA-1846 chip are of a direct conversion concept. The only selectivity is provided by the VHF and UHF Chebychev band pass filters. The filters are very wide , 136 to 174 on VHF and 400 - 520 on UHF. Any strong signal inside the band pass even several mhz away but close or strong enough will overload the RDA chip. If the concept is understood, the radios are usable with their limitations. Selectivity is their weak point, but sensitivity is equal or greater than with a two or three conversion design. The RDA chip will provide a readable signal with very low background hiss. Double and triple conversion designs have more selectivity but suffer from a very high hiss during receive caused by the compromises that the designer has to manage in the gain stages between one intermediate frequency and the other. Compare a UV-5R or any Chinese radio using the RDA chip against an Icom IC-T90 or Kenwood TH-F6A and you will notice what I am saying. Regarding the big three, run and grab all the double and triple conversion radios out there before they are gone. The Japanese are moving in the same direction as the Chinese. If you don't beleive me, take a look at the new Yaesu FT-252/257 hand held. It is also a direct conversion design which is also used in some of their marine Standard Horizon han helds.

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  77. Excellent advice for a hard to understand radio

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  78. Nice, comprehensive guide, a joy to read! Thank you for the efforts!

    However, I still have a question. On my UV-5RE, the FM (broadcast) radio mode doesn't seem to work. No matter if I'm in VFO or MR mode, pressing the Call button does exactly nothing, except for the "S" indicating dual mode flashing briefly. Is it a possible firmware bug/etc.? (Programmed with wrong version software...? It is second hand, by the way. I don't know how it has been programmed before, I used CHIRP. Other funcions seem to work as intended.)
    Thank you in advance.

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    Replies
    1. It works now, following a reset, now I only have to reprogram it.

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    2. Remember that with Chirp it is possible to disable the menu key, limit the transmit or receive range and even set some channels to receive only. If you buy a used Baofeng radio and it was programmed using Chirp or the Baofeng software, it is possible for some functions, like FM radio, display appearance ( channel, frequency, name ), transmit / receive range,etc not being normal.

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  79. Hi !
    I got my UV-5-SRE today, looking for a good info to program channels.
    Find this nice site, Thanks a lot !
    Greetings from Aland-Islands
    Leif OH0KCE

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  80. I have a UV-5R+ and I'm having problems with the offset. I can program in simplex both manually and with CHIRP. I am having difficulty transmitting my on agencies public safety freq (yes I'm authorized).

    The Rx Freq is 167.125 (PL 123) and the Tx is 169.700 (PL 131.8) I cant seem to program in an offset of 02.575. I can get to 0.2570 with incremental increases of .0010 only...not .0005.

    I have been manually programming this way. FREQ MODE: 167.125 Menu 11 (R-CTCS): 123, Menu 13 (T-CTCS): 131.8, Menu 25 (SFT-D) +, Menu 26 (OFFSET): 02.570, Menu 27 (MEM-CH) chan1 menu..."RECEIVING MEMORY". FREQ MODE: * this gives me a reverse of the 02.570 which is 169.695...I toggle up to 169.700 and add that to memory chan1 and I get the "TRANSMITTING MEMORY". I exit out and go to the CHAN MODE and my RX is 167.125. When I PTT I get a display of the 169.700 so I'm assuming that I am Tx on that channel...however, I'm certain that because the offset is 00.005 off, I cant get the right tone. I'm sure there is a DUH fix but I'm just not seeing it. ANY HELP IS MOST APPRECIATED!.

    My other settings are (Step = 2.5K, TXP = High, WN = Narr, ABR = 5, TDR = OFF, R-DCS = off, T-DCS = off, DTMFST = DT+ANI, S-CODE = 1, SC-REV = TO, BCL = off)

    Again, thanks for any help

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    Replies
    1. Menu 25 ( SFT-D ) and 26 ( OFFSET ) have nothing to do with memory programming. they are only valid when you are operating the radio in VFO ( frequency mode ) The programming steps you followed are correct. Your transmitting frequency is 169.700

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  81. Hi, I just got the uv-5r, it only works 144-147 & 430- 433. Can this be corrected by using the software & cable? If so, which software and cable is recommended? Thanks KA8HWV

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    1. Yes. Download Chirp, read the radio and use the other settings screen to restore the limits to 136 - 174 on VHF and 400 - 480 or 400 - 520 depending on the version. the factory frequency ranges appear on the sticker on the back of the radio. If you don't want the full frequency range on both bands ,you can set both to the desired values. However, setting them far away the factory limits is not recommended. The band pass filters on the radio degrade quickly when the frequency moves far away from these limits. Receive sensitivity is reduced as well as power output. The RDA-1846 chip, which is the heart of the radio, won't work if pushed far away from its designed parameters.

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  82. HABER SI ALGUIEN SE ATRAVE A TRADUCIRLO LA EXPLICACION DE INGLES A ESPAÑOL....saludos desde Andorra

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    1. Para los amigos de habla hispana, estoy trabajando en un nuevo blog en español. El mismo va a contener la traducción a español de este escrito del Baofeng UV-5R y otros temas de interés.

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  83. Sorry, but I am new to this. How do I toggle between channels that I programmed

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    1. Press the VFO / MR orange key. The radio announces, frequency mode or channel mode. If you don't hear the voice prompts, go to menu 14 and turn it on.

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  84. Thank you. Truly epic manual.

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  85. Ok I am a noon but read this three times. I get 90% of it but one thing that does not make sense to me is why you have to both set the offset .600 or 5.0 in the menu as well as program the offset as a full frequency. Can this smart little thing not do the math? Redundancy.. or am I missing something.for e.g.. if I say receive @ 146.000 and transmit at 145.400 it seems clear to me that have already accounted for the offset and since it is in the minus direction why to I have to tell it that as well in the menu section. Sorry if this is showing off my ignorance to unobtrusively. Also Greatest blog on this radio out there!!!

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    1. No. The radio was designed that way. Menus 25 and 26 are only valid when the radio is operated in " Frequency Mode "
      In order to program a repeater frequency pair to memory ( rx / tx ) Menu 27 needs to be executed twice. First entry programs the receive frequency and the second, the transmit frequency. Read " Menu 27 explained " on this blog article.

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    2. The only Baofeng radio that programs more like a Japanese, Alinco, Icom ,Kenwood or Yaesu is the UV-B5 / B6. But even this model has some quirks. For example, the enter or return key will not save some settings, the menu key must be pressed after the return key anyway. Don't expect any Chinese radio to program the same way as the Big Three unless is it one of their models manufactured in China. ( FT-60R, FT-250,FT-2900R ) just to name a few.

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    3. Thank you. Again this is a stellar manual.

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  86. WP4AOH,

    I have purchase several UV-5R's for emergency purposes, and also to learn ham along with my youngest son. I have printed off the milkor information and also the updated or revised manual. I want to use the CHIRP software and have downloaded it with updates. I have also downloaded the img file from the radio(s). My first question is are you saying that I must delete all of the channels from the radio's before uploading the img file back to it? Also, I am wanting to program NOAA, frs, gmrs, murs, and repearters into the memory (0-120) from around my state (KS) and also a few from surrounding states. Is this workable? Also, I have noticed on the chirp csv software that when you save the tone and tonesql data (131.8, 131.8 - both being the same) that when you close the img file the tonesql reverts back to the 88.5 value. I have tried to upload the file with the same data before closing the file, but this is a pain. Another question, one radio has no audio when transmitting except if using the hand mike. Is this an internal problem with the radio itself? I appreciate your assistance with this. I have looked for answers elsewhere on the net but without any relief.

    Thanks, Alan (KS) What I would really like to see on the net are sample csv files for a state so that I could compare what data I am entering is correct compared to what it should be.

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  87. Hey whats up everybody what frequency is everybody useing?

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  88. Hi- I am starting to program the UV-5R and have a problem- I entered the frequency/offset/etc for a local repeater and stored it as channel 5. Then i entered a different frequency for a second repeater and stored it as channel 10….when I checked the frequency of channel 5 and 10 it was the same (the last one I entered)…what am I doing wrong? Why can't I enter different frequencies and store them? Thanks! PK

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  89. I just bought the Baofeng UV-5R dual band radio.
    For the most part the radio works very well.
    Right now I have one major problem, I cannot store
    Anything into channel memory.

    Every time I try to store a radio frequency into channel memory for an example CH-001
    a default frequency which is stored in memory channel 127, which I can delete
    is stored into that memory channel.
    I even tried to a full reset using menu #40 it still does not fix the problem.

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  90. a little confused yet got the channels programmed but don't know how to change channels to transmit. anybody who can help in this and I got other ?s about this radio plz email me dorner42@gmail.com or call 269.254.2366 K3STP

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  91. I have had a BAOFENG UNIT UV-5R for about a year. It worked fine for a few months. I have an Extra class ham license and a commercial license. I shut it down for a month or so and when I turn it on it will not allow me to program anything. My MENU function does not work...just the light and FM radio. Are these radios known for locking up?

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  92. I have just bought two UV5R and want to use them for communication when n holidays here Australia and New Zealand...sorry this may sound simplistic...but how do I put in th frequencies to do this??

    I can enter those thanks to this wonderful site ...do they just have to be the same on each set....and can u suggest a frequency I could use? Cheers and thank you from Albany Western Australia.
    Also will they work on cruise ship?

    Bottom left ha corner on the map.of Aus.

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